First Defense

First Defense First Defense (LLC), provides firearm instruction and personal security education to individuals, families and organizations.

Timeline Photos
09/30/2021

Timeline Photos

Big news! Smith & Wesson announces today that its Headquarters and Manufacturing will relocate to Maryville, TN. https://fal.cn/3iCr9

Some in the Culpeper area have asked where to find a local FFL that will handle the VA State Police background check for...
04/20/2021
Hardware Store in Culpeper, VA | Gary’s Ace Hardware

Some in the Culpeper area have asked where to find a local FFL that will handle the VA State Police background check for private sales (as required by recently enacted gun legislation) WITHOUT charging an inflated price and/or WITHOUT traveling 30 minutes away.

Not many know that Gary’s Ace Hardware in town will provide this service for $15 (including VSP fee).

Normal transfer fee is $30 plus $2 for the VA State Police background check.

Gary’s Ace Hardware in Culpeper, VA, is a locally owned, full-service hardware store offering top brands & excellent service. Call today for information.

An excellent reading of current Virginia code.  In short: Yes, a vehicle’s glove compartment or center console qualifies...
04/07/2021
Does a center console count as a 'secured container' for purposes of the Virginia concealed carry law? - The Law Office of John Pierce, Esq.

An excellent reading of current Virginia code. In short: Yes, a vehicle’s glove compartment or center console qualifies as a ‘secured container’. Note the commentary regarding ‘latched’.

Last year I received a call from a prospective client who had been charged with carrying a concealed firearm without a permit. For purposes of this article, we will call him ‘Bob’. Bob had been initially appointed counsel and was … Continue reading →

Timeline Photos
04/01/2021

Timeline Photos

George Washington's personal C**t 1911 pistol commands record-setting price in historic Gunbroker.com auction.

Photos from Clark Brothers Gun Shop's post
04/01/2021

Photos from Clark Brothers Gun Shop's post

Industry perspective regarding current ammo shortage.
03/29/2021
The Great Ammo Shortage Explained

Industry perspective regarding current ammo shortage.

Ammunition companies are working harder than ever to meet the incredible demand for product in these unprecedented times.

Pistol designs tend to stay traditional (1911, striker-fired...) or focus on trigger action (single vs double), but what...
03/17/2021
New pistol design principle. Radial slide guides.

Pistol designs tend to stay traditional (1911, striker-fired...) or focus on trigger action (single vs double), but what if you started with a blank canvas?

Briefly about the content of the article:

Photos from Clark Brothers Gun Shop's post
03/14/2021

Photos from Clark Brothers Gun Shop's post

Virginians, you have until the end of April 2021 to utilize your 2020 online training certificate as a competency requir...
02/16/2021
NRA-ILA | Virginia: Senate Unanimously Passes Concealed Carry Online Training Extension Bill

Virginians, you have until the end of April 2021 to utilize your 2020 online training certificate as a competency requirement for the Virginia concealed handgun permit (CHP).

Yesterday, the Senate unanimously passed House Bill 2310. It previously passed the House with an overwhelming bipartisan majority of 81-17 and now goes to Governor Ralph Northam for his signature.

Well, Happy Valentines Day!
02/15/2021

Well, Happy Valentines Day!

02/02/2021
The Shelf

Great ad for our local Clark Brothers Gun Shop!

Want to take your range safety officer skills to the next level?  Consider investing in the CMP range officer training a...
02/02/2021
Range Officer Training Course - Civilian Marksmanship Program

Want to take your range safety officer skills to the next level? Consider investing in the CMP range officer training and getting involved in upcoming matches.

The CMP Range Officer Training Course is a program developed to provide training and structured on-the-range work experiences.

02/01/2021

Purchase 7.62x39 at pre-pre-pre-pandemic prices!

This article summarizes proposed 2021 firearm-related legislation for Virginia.
01/27/2021
A Wave of Gun Bills Introduced In Virginia

This article summarizes proposed 2021 firearm-related legislation for Virginia.

With the anti-gun government in Virginia and now at the federal level, gun owners are in a fight for our rights.

01/21/2021
Firepower United

So...maybe you need to aim a shotgun after all...

Practice, with different shells at different distances to determine what works best for your application.

And aim.

yOu CaNt mIsS wItH a ShOtGuN

Very well thought out and detailed look of the motivation of a criminal violent act.
01/13/2021

Very well thought out and detailed look of the motivation of a criminal violent act.

Last week, I attended John Hearne’s webinar, “How Paranoid Are You?” He covered, among other things, topics relating to how much violent crime really is happening in the United States, how much we as individuals might be at risk of being victimized by violent crime, and what we can do about that potential. It was an excellent collection of information, with lots of pointers to deeper sources, and you should definitely sign up if he runs it again. Hit up jhearne.com for a link to his Eventbrite page, where future learning opportunities will be posted. In the meantime, I want to dig into a topic that John raised that I think can help women especially understand the kinds of violence we might be targeted for. This is a mix of John’s material, things I’ve learned from others, and my own thoughts, so blame any weirdness on me please!

It’s the idea of instrumental versus expressive violence, the question of whether the violence is a means to an end or an end unto itself. The distinction is important because the people you are at risk from for each are different, and the kinds of defenses that work against each are different.

Instrumental violence is about someone wanting to get something from or through you. There’s something they want, and you’re an obstacle between them and that thing. In its simplest form, instrumental violence is what happens when a purse-snatching goes wrong. The robber wants the purse and the money or other valuables that are presumably inside, and they don’t care who gets hurt in the process of taking that purse. That there is a human being in the way between the robber and the purse is immaterial. It’s literally not about you because you’re simply the universe’s means of transporting the purse into the robber’s orbit. The robber isn’t targeting you individually and personally, just the generic idea of what they think must be inside your purse. Even in a mugging or burglary that ends in the victim dead, the motivations can be similar: the victim was interfering with the stuff the bad guy had come to get.

Those are the sorts of crimes that tend to seem random, and often involve complete strangers - someone you don’t know or even recognize, and they probably have no idea who you are either, because it simply doesn’t matter to them. Avoiding them is generally a matter of not looking like you are worth the effort of the payday that the bad guy wants. This has a lot to do with whether you appear to have a possession that they want and whether you appear capable of making trouble for them either during or after the attack. Bad guys aren’t dumb. They want to make sure they can get what they came for, and that they won’t get in trouble or get hurt while they’re doing their job of taking something from you.

It gets a little more complicated when the goal isn’t acquiring some material item. Instrumental crime can also include a bad guy wanting to get a feeling of excitement or power because they’ve hurt somebody. It can be important to them the type of person they’ve hurt, and then it starts to get a little more personal. They don’t want the purse no matter who is toting it around. They want the thrill of grabbing that purse in a certain neighborhood, or from a certain type of person. They want to r**e a girl who looks a certain way. Maybe they want to “get back” at someone they actually know, because they want to get revenge for a real or imagined slight. There’s still something these bad guys want, and they’re not afraid to use violence to get it, but it’s not something you can hold in your hand.

While the strategies to not look like an easy victim can help you avoid being targeted at all for these types of attacks, they won’t be as successful when you have become the specific person that the bad guy wants to use to pursue their goal. In those cases, it’s not so much about turning a potential attacker away from you as a general type as opposed to getting them to decide that you, individually, are not a good idea to mess with. That might require changing their mind after you’re already facing them. Sometimes you can talk your way out of the situation if they’re simply “interviewing” you to see if you’re someone who might be a good candidate victim. Sometimes, it requires being a little more violent yourself, so that they decide you’re just far too much work and they’re not going to get what they want without more effort than they want to expend.

Expressive violence though, that’s when it’s all about the violence. It’s about hurting someone to make a point about how they can hurt you specifically or a person generally. The crime itself is the goal, not the thing the bad guy gets out of performing the crime. It’s often mixed in with those immaterial payoffs that can come with instrumental violence, and one can follow the other or get mixed up with the other, but the ultimate end game is to make a point by being violent. Terrorism is often expressive violence. Stalking can be. So can r**e. Expressive violence can be to send a message to those around you or simply because someone wants to hurt somebody. That’s not always the case, of course because sometimes, even often, it’s because they know you or they think they know you, and they want you to suffer. These tend to be the really scary ones because you, individually, may be the target and when that happens, there’s very little you can do to dissuade them in general or peaceful ways, especially because their internal logic for deciding that you must be their victim may not be any kind of logic that makes sense to ordinary people. It’s not necessarily “they’re crazy” so much as “they don’t think like us.” Expressive and expressive-instrumental violence is about you, and that usually means that the only way to stop it is physically, either by never being physically available to the attacker or by using overwhelming violence so that they are no longer able or willing to hurt you. Depending on how motivated they are, you might have to kill them before they’ll give up.

And that makes it really tough, because being the target of expressive violence means that it’s not unlikely that the person who is trying to harm you is someone you know and like, even love, and that they’re going to be difficult to logic into not going through with their plans, so you may need to use violence back against them in order to protect yourself. There’s nothing easy about any of that, which is why it’s so important to understand that it happens and you might need to. Just like realizing that random crime occurs and that you could be the victim of a simple mugging can be enough for you to take steps to not be that victim, realizing that targeted crime occurs and that you could be targeted is the first step toward learning how to protect yourself from that too.

2021 is getting interesting...
01/12/2021
BREAKING: CZ In Late Stage Talks to Acquire C**t - The Truth About Guns

2021 is getting interesting...

Apparently struggling since emerging from bankruptcy in 2016, C**t has likely drawn the eye of potential buyers ever since. Now, thanks to CZ (Česká zbrojovka) parent company CZ Group’s public filings, we know it is attempting to purchase all of C**t’s Manufacturing Company‘s assets and is w...

We greatly encourage preparedness training.  Consider adding CPR, Stop The Bleed and First Aid topics to your 2021 train...
01/05/2021
Tourniquet the Limbs, Pack the Junctions, Seal the Box

We greatly encourage preparedness training. Consider adding CPR, Stop The Bleed and First Aid topics to your 2021 training plan.

https://darkangelmedical.com/blog/tourniquet-the-limbs-pack-the-junctions-seal-the-box-7165d5/?fbclid=IwAR2TZVmAcZFir3PMo9A-NBXZrUCx44kxKP6vZC0XuAlhxOZvMxzHZcqAAaY

​So, let’s talk a little bit about tourniquets, hemostatic agents and chest seals. Tourniquet the Limbs, Pack the Junctions, Seal the Box SIMPLICITY UNDER STRESS

Popularity of the pistol caliber carbine is on the rise!
12/05/2020
Meet the 5 Best Pistol Caliber Rifles Ever Designed

Popularity of the pistol caliber carbine is on the rise!

Among the latest innovations is a new generation of pistol-caliber rifles, which combines smaller pistol calibers with a rifle or carbine-length weapon.

Love these stats:  40% of 2020 firearm purchases are by women; over 40% are from first-time gun owners!
12/05/2020
First-time gun buyers projected to top 8M: Smith & Wesson

Love these stats: 40% of 2020 firearm purchases are by women; over 40% are from first-time gun owners!

Background checks, a metric for gun sales, are hitting an all-time high in 2020, and nearly half of the purchases being made this year are by first-time firearm owners, firearm manufacturer Smith & Wesson said Thursday.

Meanwhile, in Staunton and Waynesboro:
12/04/2020
Concealed handgun permit training must be in-person starting 2021

Meanwhile, in Staunton and Waynesboro:

The cities of Staunton and Waynesboro and Augusta County announced Tuesday that as of the first of the new year, the training requirement to apply for a Virginia Concealed Handgun Permit must be in-person, and will no longer be allowed to be completed online.

AMMO announcement:
11/26/2020

AMMO announcement:

We will have 9mm, 40S&W, 45acp and 5.56 Ammo out on Saturday. We are closed Thursday & Friday. See notice below. Have a Happy Thanksgiving. God Bless !

PLEASE READ if you have purchased a Smith&Wesson M&P Shield EZ:There is an IMMEDIATE safety recall for EZ’s produced bet...
11/24/2020
Home | SmithWessonPROD

PLEASE READ if you have purchased a Smith&Wesson M&P Shield EZ:

There is an IMMEDIATE safety recall for EZ’s produced between March-October 2020. Verify whether yours is impacted at the below link.

Use this link to arrange for

https://www.mpshieldezrecall.com/

M&P SHIELD® EZ® PISTOL IMPORTANT SAFETY RECALL NOTICE FOR PISTOLS MANUFACTURED BETWEEN MARCH 1ST, 2020 AND OCTOBER 31ST, 2020

Nice summary of Virginia knife laws.  As always, please refer to VA code for specifics or legal guidance.Author’s bottom...
11/23/2020
Virginia Knife Laws - Knife Up

Nice summary of Virginia knife laws. As always, please refer to VA code for specifics or legal guidance.

Author’s bottom line:

It is legal to own any type of knife in Virginia.

It is illegal to conceal carry a dirk, bowie knife, switchblade, machete, ballistic knife, throwing starts or oriental darts, or any knife of a like kind.

It is legal to open carry any type of knife.

Virginia knife laws are long and quite wordy, making it almost impossible to determine what is legal and what is not legal when it comes to owning and

Well, this won’t help.VO owns Federal, Re*****on, American Eagle, Speer, Blazer, CCI...the list goes on...
11/13/2020
Vista Outdoors reports ammunition backlog of over $1B

Well, this won’t help.

VO owns Federal, Re*****on, American Eagle, Speer, Blazer, CCI...the list goes on...

Big-name shooting sports company Vista Outdoor Inc. reported “over a year’s worth” of backlogged ammunition orders worth more than $1 billion.

What is in your AR15 magazine?
11/06/2020
M855 vs. M193 Ammo - What's Best for You?

What is in your AR15 magazine?

A side-by-side look at M855 vs. M193. What separates the green tip 5.56x45 ammo from the 55 grain round which is best for your shooting needs?

Address

Culpeper, VA
22701

General information

First Defense NRA certified instructors provide courses such as Youth Firearm Orientation, NRA FIRST Steps Pistol class, Basic Pistol Shooting Course and the Refuse To Be A Victim seminar. Classes held in facilities and at range in the Culpeper, Virginia, area. Our certified Range Safety Officers can manage or augment your range operations.

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